Scientific Publications 2001
2001. "Structural and Mechanical Characteristics of Anodic Oxide Films on Titanium." Corrosion 57(6):523-531. Abstract Oxide films were grown electrochemically on polycrystalline titanium in 0.1 M sulfuric acid (H2SO4) from open-circuit potential to a final potential of 9.4 V (vs silver-silver chloride [Ag-AgCl]) using three anodization rates: a step polarization, growth at 200 mV/s, and growth at 1 mV/s. Anodic polarization curves showed various degrees of oxygen evolution above 5.4 VAg-AgCl, indicating that the extent of oxide film breakdown depends on film growth rate, with slower growth rates undergoing more severe film breakdown. In-situ characterization of mechanical behavior of oxide films by nanoindentation revealed that the oxide film can sustain a tensile stress up to 2.5 GPa prior to film fracture. Among these three anodization rates, the oxide film formed by step polarization exhibited the highest film-strengthening effect. At applied potentials prior to oxide film breakdown, all films exhibited a strength of 1 GPa. The films ranged from amorphous titanium dioxide (TiO2) to anatase, with the extent of crystallization increasing with decreasing film growth rate. Correlations between electrochemical polarization, structural characteristics, and the mechanical behavior of these anodic films are discussed in relationship to electrostrictive stresses, which may lead to the breakdown of passive films. KEY WORDS: anodic polarization, films, nanoindentation, titanium, transmission electron microscopy.
2001. "Thin-Film Fracture During Nanoindentation of a Titanium Oxide Film–Titanium System." Journal of Materials Research 16(9):2634-2645. Abstract Nanoindentation testing of the titanium oxide/titanium system with electrochemically grown oxide films exhibits permanent deformation prior to a yield excusion, indicating that the occurrence of this suddent discontinuity is predominantly controlled by oxide film cracking rather than dislocaton nucleation and multiplication. Observations of circumferential cracking also lend support to this explanation. A model has been developed to predict the mechanical response prior to oxide fracture for the case of a hard coating on a soft substrate. During loading contact, the hard coating undergoes elastic deflection which may include both bending and membrane stretching effects, while the substrate is elastoplastically deformed. The model works well for surface films thicker than 20 nm. Additionally, the maximum radial tensile stress in anodically grown titanium oxide, which is responsible for film cracking at the critical load, is approximately 15 GPa.
2001. "Letter to the Editor: 1H, 13C and 15N Resonance Assignments and Secondary Structure of the c-Myc Binding Domain (MBD) and the SH3 Domain of the Tumor Suppressor Bin1." Journal of Biomolecular NMR 19(2):191-192. Abstract 1H, 13C and 15N resonance assignments and secondary structure of the c-Myc binding domain (MBD) and the SH3 domain of the tumor suppressor Bin1